HIST 5474: History of Georgia
University of West Georgia
Fall Semester 2011

Contact Information
Dr. Keith S. Hebert
Office: TLC 3254
Office Hours: Monday 8:30-9:30; Tuesday and Thursday 10:30-Noon

Course Description and Objectives
This course examines the history of Georgia from its earliest inhabitants through the end of the 20th century. Students will read, analyze, and discuss primary and secondary sources related to Georgia history. Special attention will be paid to themes such as race, class, and gender.

Students with Disabilities
Students with documented disabilities that might impact their performance in the course should consult the course professor as soon as possible. If necessary, the course professor will provide accommodations to students who provide the required university documentation.

Academic Honesty Policy
All work completed by students in this course will be original. Students who commit acts of academic dishonesty will receive a failing grade for the course and will be reported to the university academic affairs office. It is a student’s responsibility to understand what constitutes academic dishonesty. Generally speaking, academic dishonesty is claiming that the work of someone else is yours or handing in work completed for a previous course as part of this course’s graded assessments.

Required Textbooks
Scott, Cornerstones of Georgia History
Ruppersburg, Georgia Voices (Nonfiction)
Kruse, White Flight
Perdue, The Cherokee Nation and the Trail of Tears
Arnold, What Virtue There Is In Fire

Graduate Students Will Also Be Expected to Check Out Books Weekly from the UWG Library

59.9 and Below–F

Research Paper–40 percent
Book Reviews–30 percent
Weekly Online Discussion–30 percent

Graduate students are required to attend all course lectures. Graduate students are required to read all undergraduate assigned readings plus an additional monograph weekly. Graduate students are required to participate in a weekly online discussion on courseden. Graduate students are expected to conduct archival research in preparation for their research paper.

Research Paper–graduate students will write a 20-page research paper based on archival sources.  Students must prepare a 1 page paper proposal and submit it to the course professor by the third week of class.  The research paper is due on the final day of class. 

Book Reviews–graduate students will write four 750-word book reviews.  Students must review books listed in the graduate student reading list.  Students must turn in a review once every three weeks.  Reviews must be analytical and include citations that conform to standard scholarly book reviews. 

Graduate Readings

Select one book per week. A lottery will be held during the first day of class to determine which books each student will read for the entire semester.

Week One

No additional assignments this week. Gather the books you will need for the semester.

Week Two: Native Americans and Georgia

1. Hudson, Charles. Knights of Spain, Warriors of the Sun: Hernando de Soto and the South’s Ancient Chiefdoms.
2. Smith, Marvin. Coosa: The Rise and Fall of a Southeastern Mississippian Chiefdom.
3. King, Adam. Etowah: The Political History of a Chiefdom Capital.
4. Muller, John. Mississippian Political Economy.
5. Anderson, David. The Savannah River Chiefdoms: Political Change in the Late Prehistoric Southeast
6. Pluckhahn, Thomas J. Kolomoki: Settlement, Ceremony, and Status in the Deep South, A.D. 350 to 750.
7. Williams, Mark and Daniel T. Elliott, eds., A World Engraved: Archaelogy of the Swift Creek Culture
8. Blakely, Robert. The King Site.
9. Worth, John. The Struggle for the Georgia Coast.
10. Hudson, Charles. The Forgotten Centuries: Indians and Europeans in the American South.

Week Three: Creek Indians and Georgia History

1. Sweet, Julie Anne Sweet. Negotiating for Georgia: British-Creek Relations in the Trustee Era, 1733-1752
2. Braund, Kathryn E. Holland Braund. Deerskins and Duffels: The Creek Indian Trade with Anglo-America, 1685-1815.
3. Saunt, Claudio. A New Order of Things: Property, Power, and the Transformation of the Creek Indians, 1733-1816.
4. Ethridge, Robbie and Charles M. Hudson, eds., The Transformation of the Southeastern Indians, 1540-1760.
5. Wright, J. Leitch Wright, Creeks and Seminoles: The Destruction and Regeneration of the Muscogulge People.
6. Cashin, Edward J., Lachlan McGillivray, Indian Trader: The Shaping of the Southern Colonial Frontier

Week Four: British Colonial Georgia

1. Cashin, Edward. Governor Henry Ellis and the Transformation of British North America.
2. Ivers, Larry. British Drums on the Southern Frontier: The Military Colonization of Georgia, 1733-1749.
3. Parker, Anthony. Scottish Highlanders in Colonial Georgia: The Recruitment, Emigration, and Settlement at Darien, 1735-1748.
4. Davis, Harold E. The Fledgling Province: Social and Cultural Life in Colonial Georgia, 1733-1776
5. Wood, Betty. Slavery in Colonial Georgia, 1730-1775
6. Smith, Julia Floyd. Slavery and Rice Culture in Low Country Georgia, 1750-1860

Week Five: The American Revolution
1. Hall, Leslie. Land and Allegiance in Revolutionary Georgia.
2. Jackson, Harvey H. Lachlan McIntosh and the Politics of Revolutionary Georgia.
3. Gallay, Alan. The Formation of a Planter Elite: Jonathan Bryan and the Southern Colonial Frontier.
4. Cashin, Edward J. The King’s Ranger: Thomas Brown and the American Revolution on the Southern Frontier.
5. Coleman, Kenneth. The American Revolution in Georgia, 1763-1789.
6. Snapp, J. Russell. John Stuart and the Struggle for Empire on the Southern Frontier.
7. Wilson, David. The Southern Strategy: Britain’s Conquest of South Carolina and Georgia, 1775-1780.

Week Six: Antebellum
1. Carey, Anthony. Parties, Slavery, and the Union in Antebellum Georgia.
2. Williams, David. The Georgia Gold Rush
3. Reidy, Joseph. From slavery to Agrarian Capitalism in the Cotton Plantation South
4. Wallenstein, Peter. From Slave South to New South
5. Harris, William J. Plain Folk and Gentry in a Slave Society
6. Berry, Daina. Swing the Sickle for the Harvest is Ripe: Gender and Slavery in Antebellum Georgia
7. Gilespie, Michele. Free Labor in an Unfree World
8. Smith,Julia. Slavery and Rice Culture in Low Country Georgia

Week Seven: Civil War
1. Johnson, Michael. Toward a Patriarchal Republic
2. Sarris, Jonathan. A Separate Civil War
3. Jones, Jacqueline. Saving Savannah
4. Kennett, Lee. Marching through Georgia
5. Whites, Lee Ann. The Civil War as a Crisis in Gender
6. Williams, David. Rich Man’s War
7. Wetherington, Mark. Plain Folk’s Fight

Week Eight: Reconstruction
1. Cimbala, Paul. Under the Guardianship of a Nation
2. Wetherington, Mark. The New South Comes to Wiregrass Georgia
3. Drago, Edmund. Black Politicians and Reconstruction in Georgia
4. Jones, Jacqueline. Labor of Love, Labor of Sorrow
5. Duncan, Russell. Freedom’s Shore
6. Duncan, Russell. Entrepreneur for Equality

Week Nine: New South
1. Bryant, Jonathan. How Curious a Land
2. Hahn, Steven. Roots of Southern Populism
3. Woodward, C. Vann. Tom Watson: Agrarian Rebel
4. Shaw, Barton. The Wool Hat Boys
5. Hild, Mathew. Greenbackers, Knights of Labor, and Populists
6. McMath, Robert C. The Populist Vanguard

Week Ten: New South
1. Dittmer, John. Black Georgia in the Progressive Era
2. Mixon, Gregory. The Atlanta Riot
3. Godshalk, David. Veiled Visions:The 1906 Atlanta Race Riot
4. Goodson, Steve. Highbrows, Hillbillies, and Hellfire
5. Grantham, Dewey. Hoke Smith and the Politics of the New South
6. Mancini, Matthew. One Dies, Get Another: Convict Leasing in the American South, 1866-1928
7. Blackmon, Douglas A. Slavery by Another Name: The Re-enslavement of Black People in America from the Civil War to World War II

Week Eleven: Great Depression
1. Raper, Arthur F. Preface to Peasantry: A Tale of Two Black Belt Counties
2. Schulman, Bruce J. From Cotton Belt to Sunbelt: Federal Policy, Economic Development, and the Transformation of the South, 1938-1980
3. Fite, Gilbert. Richard B. Russell
4. Holmes, Michael. New Deal in Georgia
5. Anderson, William. Wild Man from Sugar Creek
6. Ferguson, Karen. Black Politics in New Deal Atlanta

Week Twelve: Civil Rights Movement
1. Lee, Dallas. The Cotton Patch Evidence
2. Bayor, Ronald. Race and the Shaping of 2oth Century Georgia
3. McDonald, Laughlin. A Voting Rights Odyssey
4. Tuck, Stephen. Beyond Atlanta
5. Roche, Jeff. Restructured Resistance
6. Shipp, Bill. Murder at Broad River Bridge
7. Pratt, Robert A. We Shall Not Be Moved: The Desegregation of the University of Georgia

Course Schedule

Unit One: The Rise and Fall of Native Americans in Georgia

  1. August 23–Pre-Columbian
    1. Assigned Readings:
      1. Georgia Voices, 7-10
      2. Georgia Department of Transportation, Leake Site
      3. New Georgia Encyclopedia, Mississippian Period-Overview
      4. New Georgia Encyclopedia, Etowah Mounds
      5. Ocmulgee Mounds
  2. August 25–European Contact
    1. Assigned Readings
      1. Scott, Cornerstones, Chapter One.
      2. Perdue, Chapter One.
      3. NGE, De Soto in Georgia
      4. NGE, Spanish Exploration
      5. NGE, Spanish Missions
  3. August 30–Creeks and Cherokees Transformed
    1. Assigned Readings
      1. Perdue, Chapters 2-3
      2. Scott, Chapter 2
      3. NGE, Deerskin Trade
      4. NGE, Benjamin Hawkins
      5. NGE, Indian Missions
  4. September 1–Removal and Resistance
    1. Assigned Readings
      1. Perdue, Chapters 4-6 

Unit Two: The Rise and Fall of Slavery in Georgia

  1. September 6–Colonial Slavery Debated
    1. Scott, Chapter 3
    2. NGE, Slavery in Colonial Georgia
  2. September 8–American Revolution
    1. NGE, Slavery in Revolutionary Georgia
    2. Scott, Chapter 4
  3. September 13–Antebellum Period Evolution
    1. NGE, Slavery in Antebellum
    2. NGE, Slave Women
    3. Scott, Chapter 6
    4. Georgia Voices, 69-84; 108-114; 115-120
  4. September 15–Civil War and Emancipation
    1. NGE, Black Troops in Civil War Georgia
    2. NGE, Emancipation
    3. Scott, Chapter 9
    4. Georgia Voices, 175-204.


Unit Three: The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow in Georgia

  1. September 22–Reconstruction
    1. Scott, Chapter 9.
    2. Georgia Voices, 175-204.
  2. September 27–Lynching
    1. Scott, Chapter 12.
    2. Arnold, What Virtue there is in Fire (Need to read all of this book by the next exam.)
  3. September 29–Civil Rights Movement
    1. Scott, Chapter 16.
    2. Kruse, Chapters 1-3.
  4. October 4–Civil Rights Movement
    1. Kruse, Chapters 4-6
  5. October 6–Post-Civil Rights Movement
    1. Kruse, Chapters 7-8

Unit Four: The Rise and Fall of the One Party South in Georgia

  1. October 11–Antebellum Politics
    1. Scott, Chapter 7.
    2. Georgia Secession Ordinance
    3. Stephens, Cornerstone Speech
    4. NGE, Georgia Platform
    5. NGE, Secession
  2. October 13–Bourbon Democracy
    1. Scott, Chapter 11.
  3. October 18–Massive Resistance
  4. October 20–The Republican Party


Unit Five: The Continuity of King Cotton in Georgia

  1. October 27–King Cotton in Born
  2. November 1–Tenancy, Sharecropping, and the Boll Weevil
    1. Scott, Chapter 14.
  3. November 3–Textile Mills
  4. November 8–Post-World War II Economy
    1. Scott, Chapter 15.

Unit Six: Culture

  1. November 10–Literature
    1. Longstreet, “The Fight”
    2. Harris, “The Wonderful Tar Baby Story”
    3. Caldwell, “The Night My Old Man Came Home”
    4. O’connor, “The Artificial Nigger
  2. November 15–Literature
    1. Dickey, “Deliverance”
    2. Walker “To Hell With Dying”
    3. Sams, “Fubar”

Unit Seven: The Civil War

  1. November 17
  2. November 29
  3. December 1

FINAL EXAM: December 8 (8-10)